In 1797 a Italian physicist named Giovanni Battista Venturi wrote a dissertation on the “Venturi Effect”. However, an actual device was never created or applied until 1888 where Clemens Herschel was awarded the patent for the first Venturi tube.
The Venturi effect is a decrease in fluid pressure when fluid flows through a constricted area of a pipe. In other words, as the diameter becomes smaller, the fluid velocity becomes faster. This increase in velocity will create a lower pressure just past the constricted area. When designed correctly, you can create a strong vacuum or a large negative pressure.
The EXAIR E-Vac® Vacuum Generators use this phenomenon by using compressed air as the fluid. This type of Venturi tube restricts the internal area to generate a fast velocity through the body creating a vacuum pressure for suction.
EXAIR offers three types of Venturi tubes; low vacuum, high vacuum and adjustable. Low vacuum units are typically used with porous material because the trade off for low vacuum is higher vacuum flow. The high vacuum generators can create a vacuum level as high as 27” Hg (71 KPa). The Adjustable E-Vacs can alter the internal air velocities by turning the body and getting different vacuum pressures. Without any moving parts or electric motors to break, the EXAIR E-Vacs are a simple design that is very durable, effective and long-lasting. A great product for applications like pick and place, clamping, lifting and vacuum forming.
The Venturi effect was discovered in 1797, brought into existence in 1888, and is still used in vacuum applications to this very day. If you have an application where a Venturi tube could help you, please contact an Application Engineer. We will be happy to assist you.