Another Unique Solution in an Aluminum Processing Plant

Fine dust particles needed to be removed from this belt on the underside of a conveyor

A few months back I wrote about the impact of installing Super Air Knives in an aluminum processing plant.  Those Super Air Knives solved a recurring problem with cleaning alumina dust around conveyors and reduced costs for the end user by over $80k.

That same customer has also found a method to remove fine dust from the underside of the conveyor belt in an application area not suitable for an Air Knife.  In this application there was no dust collection system in place to carry away the fines as they are blown off of the belt, so a different type of solution was needed.

Model 150200 Heavy Duty Line Vac provides the vacuum needed to remove the dust fines.

That solution was to install a Heavy Duty Line Vac affixed to a vacuum hood to remove fines from the belt and convey them back to the head chute.  The only problem with this setup was that the 2” Heavy Duty Line Vac produced a bit too much vacuum flow than what was really needed in the application.  So, a pressure regulator was installed to allow for adjustment and fine tuning of the vacuum solution.  The customer was able to adjust the operating conditions for the Line Vac and minimize compressed air use while maximizing the vacuuming effect on the fines stuck to the conveyor.

The Line Vac used in this application quickly and easily solved a chronic problem plaguing this manufacturer.  By installing this vacuum solution they were able to prevent build-up of dust and debris underneath the conveyor which originally required shutting down the line to clean.  This improved process uptime, reduced cleaning costs, and increased throughput in the application.

If you have an application in need of a vacuum solution, consider an EXAIR Line Vac.  And, if you have any questions, contact an EXAIR Application Engineer.  We’ll be happy to help.

Lee Evans
Application Engineer
LeeEvans@EXAIR.com
@EXAIR_LE

Not a Fan of Fans Because Rising Air Temp Will Kill Your Electronics

Using a fan is a popular method for machine builders to provide cooling for an electrical enclosure.  The electrical panel stays cool for machine acceptance at the factory, and possibly for even the first 6-8 months of operation and then one day, there is a problem, and the machine shuts down due to an over heated component within the panel. This leads to opening up the panel, possibly placing an external fan, and operation of the machine in an unsafe condition, to meet the daily production needs.  What has led to this situation?  Summertime!

To better understand the situation, let’s review the heat formula.  The total heat content of air consists of the sensible and latent heat factors. Latent heat is the heat that is required to change the state of a material, say from liquid to solid.  Water to ice is an easy way to understand this type of heat.  When heat is removed from water at 32°F it turns to ice at 32°F.  There is no temperature change, but heat has been removed. Sensible heat is dry heat, it is a result in change of temperature, but not change in state or moisture.  For fan cooling, the air and moisture only change temperature and not state, we can focus on the sensible heat portion.

In English units:  Q = Cp x ρ x q x ΔT x 60 min/hr

And for air:

Q –  is the sensible heat flow in BTU/hr

Cp – is the specific heat in BTU/lb °F – 0.2388 BTU/lb °F

ρ – is the air density at standard conditions – 0.075 lb/ft3

q – is measured air flow in ft3/min – CFM

ΔT – is the temperature difference in °F – Final Air Temperature – Starting Air Temperature

Plugging in the constant values, gives us:

Q = 1.0746 x CFM x ΔT

It is common to chart the above formula for various ΔT values, plotting Q vs. CFM values on a dual logarithmic scale, as shown below-

BTU-CFMGraph4

As an example, for an internal heat load of 1300 BTU/hr, to ensure that the temperature rise (from ambient) in the cabinet does not exceed 20°F, 60.5 CFM of air flow is required (the red line above).  A fan with this CFM rating is specified and installed in the panel.

This works  when the ambient temperature is a comfortable 75°F, in a climate controlled factory, or the cooler months of the year.  The problem occurs when the ambient temperature increases to 95°, 100°, or even 105°F,  not uncommon in the summer, and in plants that create large amount of heat, like metal production, and near boiler systems and furnaces.  Under these conditions, the fan will still maintain the 20°F difference, but the internal temperature of the cabinet will rise to 115°-125°F, temperatures where electrical components start to fail or shut down.  The solution to this issue?  Lower the Starting Air Temperature.

The EXAIR Cabinet Cooler Systems use our Vortex Tube technology to take compressed air and provide a cold flow of air that enters the enclosure at 5o°F less than the compressed air temperature.  With a compressed air temperature of 70°F, common for industrial compressed air systems, the Cabinet Cooler will deliver cold air at 20°F.  Again using the chart above, flowing just 20 SCFM of this air will absorb the 1300 BTU/hr of heat (the green line), and result in an internal air temperature 80°F no matter the ambient air temperature.  The electronics in this enclosure will run trouble free, for a long time. This ambient air temperature problem is also true of air-to-air heat exchangers, as the ambient air temperature rises the ability to remove heat diminishes.

Another consideration, the fan system is bringing in air from the surroundings, which is hot and dirty, passing it through a filter (which gets clogged, reduces air flow, and needs to be replaced.) The Cabinet Cooler System, includes an automatic drain filter separator, which filters the compressed air to be free of dirt, dust and moisture. The air entering the enclosure is cool, dry and fee of dust and debris.

ETC CC

NEMA 4 Cabinet Cooler System with Optional Electronic Temperature Control

To discuss your application and how the EXAIR Cabinet Cooler System can be a benefit at your facility, feel free to contact EXAIR and myself or one of our other Application Engineers can help you determine the best solution.

Brian Bergmann
Application Engineer

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Will It Spray?

Video showing the intended use of EXAIR Atomizing Nozzles, illustrated with a green spray pattern.

 

One of the common questions we receive with regards to our Atomizing Spray Nozzles, is whether they will spray a specific liquid.  Most of the time this is a simple answer, found by referencing the viscosity of the liquid and the viscosity range of the specific atomizing nozzle in question.  But, sometimes the viscosity of a fluid isn’t readily available and the best path forward is testing of the specific fluid or application.

Such was the case with the videos above and below.  This application was to spray a specific mixture comprised of catnip biomass onto materials as they pass along a conveyor.  There was no specific flow rate required, we simply needed to spray a specific width at a specific distance away from the product.

The video above shows the desired spray pattern from the nozzles, something with a wide angle and flatpattern, and the video below shows the most suitable solution we found in testing at EXAIR.

The suitable nozzle in this application was our model AD2010SS, an internal mix nozzle with deflected flat fan spraying pattern and a patented technology to prevent liquid flow after compressed air to the nozzle is turned off.  This nozzle provided the right solution for this application, and shipped from stock on the same day we received the order.

Fast forward a few weeks and this same application found benefit from an Electronic Flow Controller (EFC) model 9057.  The EFC allows for sensor-based control of compressed air flow, and thereby control of liquid flow to the AD2010SS nozzles.  This prevents operation of the nozzles when there is no need to spray the liquid.

The discussion, testing, and implementation of this solution are an excellent example of the engineering support available behind EXAIR products.  We really do help our customers find solutions, and if there is an unknown in an application we’re willing to find the answers together.

Lee Evans
Application Engineer
LeeEvans@EXAIR.com
@EXAIR_LE

EXAIR Cabinet Cooler System Meets High Demands Of Sea Duty

I joined the Navy, right after high school, to get out of Ohio, see the world, and never come back. “My recruiter said” (if you are considering military service, those can be famous last words, just so you know) that I would be a good candidate for Nuclear Power School, so I took the test. As a math & science nerd scholar, I qualified for admission easily.  About halfway through Nuke School, I volunteered for submarines.  My decision was based in no small part on the sea stories of our instructors, the strong reputation of better food, and my deep appreciation for the movie “Operation Petticoat.”

Upon graduation, I was assigned to a new construction Trident submarine.  I did not see the world…I saw the Electric Boat shipyard in Groton, Connecticut, and Naval Submarine Base King’s Bay, Georgia.  Hilarity occasionally ensued, but never in the context of that movie I so adored.  I moved back to Ohio (on purpose) soon after my enlistment was up.  The food WAS good…I can unreservedly vouch for that.

In the new construction environment of the shipyard, I became quite familiar, and developed a deep respect for, the high level of attention paid to the materials and workmanship that a seagoing vessel demanded…not to mention, one with a nuclear reactor on board.  Reliability and durability are obviously key factors.

I had the pleasure recently of assisting an electrical contractor who was looking for a cooling solution for a new Variable Frequency Drive enclosure installation on a cement barge.  The ship’s engineer (a Navy veteran himself) had told the contractor that his priorities were reliability, durability, and dust exclusion.  He couldn’t have made a better case for an EXAIR Cabinet Cooling System.

Based on the specified heat load of the VFD, the size of the enclosure, and its location, a Model 4380 Thermostat Controlled NEMA 12 Cabinet Cooler System, rated at 5,600 Btu/hr, was specified.  This equipment is internal to the ship; had it been exposed to the elements, a NEMA 4X system would have been presented.

Up to 2,800 Btu/hr cooling capacity with a single Cabinet Cooler System (left) or as much as 5,600 Btu/hr with a Dual system (right.)

EXAIR Cabinet Cooler Systems have no moving parts to wear, no electric motor to burn out, and no heat transfer surfaces (like a refrigerant-based unit’s fins & tubes) to foul.  Once it’s properly installed on a sealed enclosure, the internal components never see anything but cold, clean air.

If you have a need to protect an electrical enclosure in aggressive environment, give me a call.  With a wide range of Cabinet Cooler Systems to meet a variety of needs, we’ve got the one you’re looking for, in stock and ready to ship.

Russ Bowman
Application Engineer
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EXAIR Atomizing Spray Nozzles Make It Nice & Foggy In Greenhouses

Fog. Nobody likes driving in it. It’s downright perilous to sailing vessels on the open water, but especially those near the shore, or other watercraft. Flights get delayed or cancelled, stranding travelers in airport terminals far from home, and keeping many from pressing matters that necessitated the speed of an airline flight in the first place.  Oh, and it’s ALWAYS where the bad guy is hiding in the movies.  You can tell by the ominous low-string music that starts playing right before things get real nefarious.

You know who LIKES fog, though?  Greenhouse operators.  Their plants get plenty of water to sustain their growth from the well-irrigated soil, but the leaves & petals can wither and get discolored if the humidity isn’t kept at a high level.

The same is true for the parts of a greenhouse that folks don’t see when they’re selecting the annuals to plant on the next nice spring weekend (which we should be coming up on quite soon here!) – like the seed germination chambers.  I had the pleasure of helping a greenhouse operator recently, who needed to replace some old, and malfunctioning, nozzles in one of their germination chambers.  They were interested in the extremely fine mist that our Atomizing Spray Nozzles produce.  After some experimentation with a couple of different flow rates & patterns, they determined that the Model AW1020SS (Wide Angle Round Pattern, Internal Mix) Atomizing Spray Nozzles provided optimal results.

The fine, atomized mist (left) produced by the EXAIR AW1020SS (right) optimizes the seed germination in this chamber.

The fine, atomized mist (left) produced by the EXAIR AW1020SS (right) optimizes the seed germination in this chamber.

As the fogging systems in their other chambers start to fail, they’ve been replacing them with the AW1020SS’.  We shipped them two earlier this week.

With (90) distinct models to choose from, we’ve got the solution to your liquid spraying application.

EXAIR Atomizing Spray Nozzles offer an incredibly wide range of flow rates, patterns, and adjustability to suit most any application that requires a fine liquid mist.  If you’d like to find out more, give me a call.

Russ Bowman
Application Engineer
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30′ Long Super Air Knife

Earlier this month, I got a call on a Wednesday afternoon from a gentlemen at a sawmill in the Pacific Northwest. He indicated that they had a saw machine that was 30′ long, and it had a special scanner system to detect problems with the cutting which ran the full 30′ length.  In a sawing operation, there is sawdust and chips, and they can adhere to any surface including the scanner window.  When the debris would build up, the scanner system would give off false detection signals and cause issues with the operation.  We discussed the Super Air Knives as a way to blow off the scanner window, and be able to cover the entire 30′ length.  He asked for a quotation for a 30′ long Super Air Knife (and that doesn’t happen very often!)  And oh, by the way, delivery was needed on Friday (in 2 days!)

EXAIR manufactures Super Air Knives in lengths up to 108″.  To get to 30′, we looked at using (3) 108″ and (1) 36″ length.  Due to the length, the 108″ have to ship by freight truck, while all of the other lengths can ship via UPS or Fed Ex.  Since the customer was needing an overnight shipment, we had to take this into account.

We settled in on a system of (6) 54″ and (1) 36″ Super Air Knife. An added benefit to this arrangement was to allow the individual control of operation of the units, with each length blowing for a short duration, on down the line, until each had cycled.  This kept the instantaneous air consumption to a reasonable level, instead of 1 very large demand for cleaning the whole 30′ at once.  A quotation was sent out Thursday morning.

bracket-sak-2

Coupling Bracket Kit – Used to Join (2) Super Air Knives

We received the order Thursday afternoon, shipped it later that day, and it delivered to the customer the next day on Friday. Installation occurred over the weekend.

The following Tuesday, I got an email – first to thank us for working so quickly from inquiry through to delivery for the 30′ of Air Knives, and then to ask to place another order for exactly the same set.  Turns out, there is a right edge scanner and a left edge scanner, and they were ready to do the other side.  We had a little extra time, and shipped out the full set a couple days later, and standard shipping still got to them before they were ready to install.

To discuss your application and how the EXAIR Air Knives can benefit your process, feel free to contact EXAIR and myself or one of our other Application Engineers can help you determine the best solution.

Brian Bergmann
Application Engineer

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Video Blog – Installing an EXAIR NEMA 4/4X Cabinet Cooler

Installing an EXAIR Cabinet Cooler is fast and easy.  Watch the video below to see what it takes to install an EXAIR NEMA 4/4X Cabinet Cooler.  And, for a video showing how to install the Cold Air Distribution Kit after the Cabinet Cooler is installed, click here.

If you have any questions about our products, feel free to call an Application Engineer.

Lee Evans
Application Engineer
LeeEvans@EXAIR.com
@EXAIR_LE

 

Thanks to Bensound for the royalty free music in this video!

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