Intelligent Compressed Air: Utilization of the Coanda Effect

Henri Coanda was a Romanian aeronautical engineer most known for his work developing what is today known as the Coanda effect. The Coanda effect is the propensity of a fluid to adhere to the walls of a curved surface. A moving stream of fluid will follow the curvature of the surface rather than continuing to travel in a straight line.  This effect is used in the design of an airplane wing to produce lift. The top of the wing is curved whereas the bottom of the wing remains straight. As the air comes across the wing, it adheres to the curved surface, causing it to slow down and create a higher pressure on the underside of the wing. This  is referred to as lift and is what allows an airplane to fly.


The Coanda effect is also the driving force behind many of EXAIR’s Intelligent Compressed Air Products. Throughout the catalog you’ll see us talking about air amplification ratios. EXAIR products are designed to take advantage of this phenomenon and entrain ambient air into the primary air stream. Compressed air is ejected through the small orifices creating air motion in their surroundings. Using just a small amount of compressed air as the power source, Super Air Knives, Air Nozzles, and Air Amplifiers all draw in “free” ambient air amplifying both the force and the volume of airflow.

EXAIR Intelligent Compressed Air Products such as (left to right) the Air Wipe, Super Air Knife, Super Air Nozzle, and Air Amplifier are engineered to entrain enormous amounts of air from the surrounding environment.

Super Air Knives provide the greatest amount of air amplification at a rate of 40:1, one part being the compressed air supply and 40 parts ambient air from the environment. The design of the Super Air Knife allows air to be entrained at the top and bottom of the knife, maximizing the overall volume of air. Super Air Nozzles and Super Air Amplifiers also use this effect to provide air amplification ratios of up to 25:1, depending on the model.

Air Amplifiers use the Coanda Effect to generate high flow with low consumption.

The patented shim design of the Super Air Amplifier allows it to pull in dramatic amounts of free surrounding air while keeping sound levels as low as 69 dBA at 80 psig! The compressed air adheres to the Coanda profile of the plug and is directed at a high velocity through a ring-shaped nozzle. It adheres to the inside of the plug and is directed towards the outlet, inducing a high volume of surrounding air into the primary air stream. Take a look at this video below that demonstrates the air entrainment of a Super Air Amplifier with dry ice:

Utilizing the Coanda effect allows for massive compressed air savings. If you would like to discuss further how this effect is applied to our Super Air Knives, Air Amplifiers, and Air Nozzles give us a call. We’d be happy to help you replace an inefficient solution with an Engineered Intelligent Compressed Air Product.

Tyler Daniel
Application Engineer
Twitter: @EXAIR_TD

EXAIR Heavy Duty Safety Air Gun With Accessories Improves Effectiveness and Safety

Model 1310-12 Heavy Duty Safety Air Gun, With 12″ Extension & 1100 Super Air Nozzle

In rugged industrial environments the EXAIR Heavy Duty Safety Air Gun delivers powerful blasts of compressed air right where it is needed.  It features a 3/8 NPT metal inlet to allow for increased air flow to the Super Air Nozzle of your choice and there are many configurations are available from stock.  It is constructed of a durable and robust cast aluminum body with an ergonomic and comfortable composite grip that allows for extended use without fatigue.

The Heavy Duty Safety Air Gun can be configured with extensions that are available in 6” increments up to 24” in length and 12” increments from 24” up to 72”.  Combine the extension with our optional Chip Shield for maximum operator safety and comfort.


Extension Tubes For Air Guns
Different Length Extensions For Every Application


Chip Shield
Chip Shields Offer Safety & Comfort For Operators

We offer a wide variety of nozzles to allow you to configure the Heavy Duty Safety Air Gun to you specific application.  EXAIR has a large selection of nozzles that are engineered to entrain surrounding air with the compressed air supply creating a synergistic blast that is very powerful.  Most importantly they operate much quieter than the limits of OSHA standard 29 CFR 1910.95(a) and can’t be “dead ended” therefore meeting OSHA standard 29 CFR 1910.242(b).

OSHA Chart
OSHA Maximum Allowable Noise Exposure


The EXAIR Heavy Duty Safety Air Gun is available in the configurations shown below or many others.  If you have an application you would like to discuss or to see how the Heavy Duty  Safety Air Guns will improve your process, give us a call, we are happy to help.

Heavy Duty Safety Air Gun Configuration Chart
Heavy Duty Safety Air Gun Sample Configurations

Steve Harrison
Application Engineer
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Blowoff Systems Makes it Easy to Clean Extrusions

A metal cutting facility would cut pieces of aluminum extrusions, bars and cylinders to specific lengths as requested by their customers.  They used a variety of different types of cutting equipment depending on the size and profile, but every cutting machine would use coolant. At the end of the cutting process, they would run the parts through a washing system to remove any coolant and then through an inkjet marking system.  They would print the corresponding tag information on the top of each product.

The surface had to be dry or the ink would run and become illegible.  To try and speed up the drying process, they attached four soft copper tubes to blow compressed air along the top of the parts.  They flattened the ends slightly to give a wider blowing area as well as to direct the air into the T-slots of the extrusions.  The customer liked the flexibility of the copper tubes as they would need to change the position often to fit the appropriate size and profile.

The problem that they had with their setup was that the blowing was too loud and it used a large amount of compressed air.  They found EXAIR which looked to have a better solution to blow off the water from the product.

Blow Off Application

The customer gave some additional details on their process.  They could cut a wide range of diameters from 2 inches (51 mm) to 12 inches (305 mm) within their bar and cylinder stock.  They also would cut square and rectangular extrusions that had a variety of profiles and dimensions.  They requested a flexible product that could conform to the different sizes and types and also be adjusted manually for optimum blowing positions.

1122-9412 Blowoff Kit

EXAIR offers a great product line that would fit their requirements for this application, the Blowoff Systems.  With their requested specifications, the flat blowing pattern and flexibility, it directed me to the model 1122-9412 Blowoff Kit.  This kit comes with a Magnetic Base, Flat Super Air Nozzles, and flexible Stay Set Hoses.  The model 1122-9412 has two 2” Flat Super Air Nozzles which will give a wide blowing area.

The Magnetic Base contains two outlets with shut off valves on each port to allow for an easy way to turn off a nozzle when not needed for the smaller products.  Between the Magnetic Base and the 2” Flat Super Air Nozzle, a 12” (305mm) long Stay Set Hoses connects them together which will allow for precise blowing and maneuverability.

By installing two pieces of the model 1122-9412 to his system, the customer was able to remove the four pieces of the copper tubing which were loud and inefficient.  The noise level dropped to 77 dBA with the 2” Flat Super Air Nozzles which was a relief, and they realized that the air compressor was working less.  By adding the Blowoff Kits to their system, they now had a flexible, efficient and effective way in drying the products prior to printing.

With the customer above, they saw much improvement in blowing off the water which kept the ink jet printing process from running or smearing.  If you need flexibility in your blowing application, EXAIR offers a variety of kits with different types of nozzles to accommodate the best blowing feature for your application.  If you would like to discuss these options, you can contact an EXAIR Application Engineer, and they will be happy to help.

John Ball
Application Engineer
Twitter: @EXAIR_jb

Dollar Savings: Open Pipes vs EXAIR Air Nozzle

Early one morning we received a call from a local metal stamping company that had a problem. They had outstripped the volumetric capacity of their (2) 50 HP air compressors.

They were using open copper tubes to facilitate separating the part from the die on the upstroke and then blow the part backwards into the collection chute. The (5) 1/4” copper tubes were all connected to a single manifold with a valve to control each tube.  Compounding their compressed air shortage was that this setup was duplicated on approximately (8) presses.  Per the plant they run the presses for approximately (4) hours per day.  The volume of air required for one press was calculated as:

One 1/4” open copper pipe consumes 33 SCFM @ 80 PSIG, therefore:


Due to the award winning design of EXAIR’s engineered air nozzles the plant achieved faster separation of the part from the die and greater efficiency moving the part to the collection chute, while averting the need to purchase a larger air compressor. They are saving air, reducing energy costs and lowering the noise level in their facility.

If you would like to discuss saving air and/or reducing noise, I would enjoy hearing from you…give me a call.

Steve Harrison
Application Engineer
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Flat Super Air Nozzles – Quiet and Forceful and Adjustable

The 2″ Flat Super Air Nozzle is a very powerful yet quiet engineered nozzle.  Operation at 80 PSIG of compressed air pressure yields a strong 1.38 lb. of force, at only 77 dBA of sound level.  Compare this with many of the plastic flat nozzles that blow air through a series of holes, with sound levels ranging form 78-83 dBA, not to mention some might violate the OSHA dead ended pressure standard and results in fines being levied.

The patented technology utilizes a changeable shim to generate the high flow of air in a smooth and laminar flow, to keep noise down and power and strength up. With (6) stainless steel shim thicknesses available, the 2″ Flat Super Air Nozzle offers a very flexible package that can be set and tuned to meet exacting performance criteria, while using the minimum amount of compressed air, and at the quietest possible sound levels.

2 Inch Flat
2″ Flat Super Air Nozzle

The model 1122 is offered in a zinc aluminum alloy body and cap, and the 1122SS is constructed from type 316 stainless steel.  All shims are stainless steel. The shim thickness for the 1122/1122SS is 0.015″ thick.

Also available, for extra blowing force, are the HP1125 and HP1125SS.  The nozzles utilize the same zinc aluminum alloy or stainless steel body and cap and have the 0.025″ shim installed – and deliver 2.2 lbs of force, while only increasing sound levels to 83 dBA.

Shim sets for any of the 2″ Flat Super Air Nozzles are available.  The 1132SS shim set includes shims of thickness of 0.005″, 0.10″, and 0.020″.  For higher force levels, the HP1132SS shim set includes the 0.020″ and 0.030″ shims.

Shims are available, from 0.005″ up to 0.030″ for maximum versatility and performance tuning

As you can see- for a versatile, forceful and quiet engineered air nozzle, it is hard to beat the EXAIR 2″ Flat Super Air Nozzle.  If a 1″ wide nozzle better suits your needs, the same flexibility and power can be found in the 1″ Flat Super Air Nozzle as well.  Check it out as well.

If you would like to talk about Flat Super Air Nozzles or any of the EXAIR Intelligent Compressed Air® Products, feel free to contact EXAIR and myself or one of our Application Engineers can help you determine the best solution.

Brian Bergmann
Application Engineer

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Increase Safety and Gain OSHA Compliance By Using An Engineered Solution

In 1972, the US Department of Labor’s Occupation Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) established Standard 29 CFR 1910.242(b) to reduce the outlet pressure to less than 30 psi, of an open pipe, nozzle, air gun, etc. when being used for cleaning. The intent of this directive was to prevent injury to operators. They determined that 30 psi was the pressure in which the skin could be broken if the device were dead-ended against the operator’s body, causing an injury known as an air embolism…the dead-ended force of the air, under pressure, breaks the skin and introduces air flow inside the body. This is a VERY dangerous condition which can quickly lead to serious injury, possible stroke or ultimately death.

While OSHA doesn’t recommend any type or manufacturer of device, they do provide two methods you can follow to gain compliance.

The first would be to reduce the operating pressure below 30 PSI, as shown in the below line drawing.  This, of course, limits the strength and usefulness of the exhausting air flow before it reaches the nozzle and before it is used upon the application.


The other method indicates using a nozzle which includes a pressure reducer or a relief device which will reduce the air pressure to less than 30 psi if the nozzle is dead ended. All of EXAIR‘s products are engineered to meet or exceed this Standard. In the case of our Super Air Nozzles, the air exits through a series of jets, recessed behind an array of fins, so the outlet holes cannot be blocked directly, any potential obstruction of the outlet air holes results in the air having an alternative route to avoid injury to operators and personnel. This allows the full pressure (the highest energy) to reach the nozzle and the application

Open air lines and homemade blow offs violate OSHA standard 1910.242(b) because of harmful dead end pressures. If you would like to discuss how EXAIR products can help you gain OSHA compliance to increase personnel safety and avoid costly fines, please give me a call, I’d be happy to help.

Justin Nicholl
Application Engineer

Line drawings used from OSHA’s website

When Efficiency And Practicality Collide

Even if you’re a casual reader of our blogs, you already know that EXAIR Application Engineers LOVE to preach efficiency in the use of compressed air…it’s our “bread and butter;” the very nature of our business. This year, we’re celebrating thirty-five years of leading the way in the development of efficient, safe, and quiet compressed air products. Our track record of success as a solutions provider across a diverse range of industrial and commercial applications is well documented in our blogs, as well as Knowledge Base and Case Study Libraries.  We devote considerable resources (engineering, research & development, product testing, etc.) to making certain that EXAIR Intelligent Compressed Air Products cost less to operate, and perform better, than whatever you’re using right now.

Strange as it may seem, though, sometimes our products are EXTREMELY popular in cases where they INCREASE a facility’s consumption of compressed air…by replacing something that DOESN’T use compressed air at all:

*I’ve written before about how our Large Maximum Cold Temperature Vortex Tubes have replaced liquid nitrogen rigs in freeze sealing operations.  Now, a Vortex Tube directs a portion of its air supply to (usually) unusable hot exhaust, in order to generate the usable flow of cold air.  When compared to the costs of liquid nitrogen and the resources involved to get it where it needs to be, though, the cost of the compressed air needed to operate the Vortex Tube is indeed the practical solution.

A 1/4 ton of refrigeration from a product that fits in the palm of your hand, and all you need is a supply or compressed air!

*Line Vacs are probably THE prime example of the value of using compressed air where it wasn’t used before…replacing a “bucket and ladder” operation:

Straight from our Catalog, a perfect example of using valuable compressed air to save even more valuable resources.

*Then there are the situations that just come down to time.  In large spaces, our Super Blast Safety Air Guns can be used to “sweep” the floor in a fraction of the time it takes an operator with a push broom.

Super Blast Safety Air Gun makes short work of large area cleanup.

To make a long story just a little bit longer…if you’re using compressed air, you can use it better with EXAIR’s engineered compressed air products.  And there are plenty of practical applications where you’re not using compressed air right now too.  If you’d like to find out more about either one, give me a call.

Russ Bowman
Application Engineer
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