Henri Coanda was a Romanian aeronautical engineer best known for his work on the fluid dynamic principle with his namesake, the Coanda effect. Before this, Henri patented what he labeled as a jet engine.
Henri’s patent (French patent No. 416,54, dated October 22, 1910) gives more information into how he envisioned the motor working. When air entered the front, it passed through different cavities that caused the air stream to first contract and then expand. In Henri’s opinion this contraction and expansion converted the air’s kinetic energy into potential energy. The air ultimately was channeled to a diffuser where it was discharged.
Henri stated that the efficiency of this engine could be improved by heating the air in the cavities, Henri’s logic was that this would increase the pressure of the air passing through.
What is obviously lacking in the patent (including identical ones taken out in England and the United States) is any mention of injecting fuel, which in a true jet engine would combust with the incoming air. Judging only by Henri’s patent, it was little more than a large ducted fan and it could not have flown. Throughout Henri’s career he changed his story many times on whether this plane actually flew or not.
Not to cast too much shade on Henri’s accomplishments he did discover the Coanda effect. The Coanda effect states that a fluid will adhere to the surface of a curved shape that it is flowing over. One might think that a stream of fluid would continue in a straight line as it flows over a surface, however the opposite is true. A moving stream of fluid will follow the curvature of the surface it is flowing over and not continue in a straight line. This effect is what causes an airplane wing to produce lift, and enhance lift when the ailerons are extended while at lower air speeds such as occurs during takeoff and landing.
EXAIR uses the Coanda effect to offer you highly engineered, intelligent and very efficient compressed air products. Our designs take a small amount of compressed air and actually entrain the surrounding ambient air with the high velocity exiting compressed air stream to amplify the volume of air hitting a surface.
When you are looking for expert advice on safe, quiet and efficient point of use compressed air products give us a call. We would enjoy hearing from you.