Structure of an Atom

The structure of an atom plays a role in the development of static electricity. Static, as you may know, causes disruption within many industrial and manufacturing processes and environments. It can shock personnel, create poor results on printing processes and product finishes, and cause process lines to jam or sensors to malfunction – just to name a few.

Before stepping into the Basics of Static Electricity, we may want to have a solid foundation on the makeup of matter. The foundation of all matter is the atom. All objects are comprised of matter. Matter is made of molecules, which are made up of atoms. All the atoms are built out of electrons, neutrons and protons. The molecule is the smallest measurement of matter that can exist by itself and still contain one or more atoms.

Atom Diagram – 1

The structure and how these individual atoms and their components react is the groundwork for electron theory. Each component of the atom – the proton, neutron, and electron, are thought to carry with them a charge which also has a polarity to it. Neutrons have a neutral charge and contribute to the mass of an atom. The negative charged electrons, are lightest weight and will repel other electrons since they are the same polarity, they repel each other. Protons, being the positively charged carry a heavier mass and generally become attracted to the Electrons due to their polarities being opposing – opposite polarities attract each other.

Static

Said again, opposite polarities attract and like polarities repel. This movement is what begins the actions and reactions which are described throughout the Basics of Static Electricity Interactive White Paper that is available through our site. If you want to discuss the next steps in how static is generated or eliminated we invite you to contact us.

Brian Farno
Application Engineer
BrianFarno@EXAIR.com
@EXAIR_BF

AG Caesar, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons