Turbulent vs. Laminar Flow

I visited my family in Kentucky, and we went to the spillway at Cave Run Lake in the Daniel Boone National Park.  At the beginning of Licking River, there is a large pipe that drains from Cave Run Lake.  Kentucky had quite a bit of rain and the lake was very full.  The pressure from the lake was pushing lots of water through the drainage pipe.  It emptied into a cement channel and then into the mouth of the river.  As seen in the picture below, the water behaves violently as it exits the pipe and goes into the channel.  This turbulent state is loud and chaotic, and you can see the waves traveling upstream.  After the channel, the water transformed, and the river was quiet, calm and all flowing in the same direction.  This helped me to create a visual on how compressed air must look.

Even though we cannot see compressed air, it follows the same rules as a fluid.  Like the water coming out of the drainage pipe, the turbulence represents the flow of compressed air from an open pipe or copper tube.  The noise was extremely loud and the water was traveling side to side and back on itself.   You can see the inefficiency.  But after the channel, you can see the transformation to a laminar state.  EXAIR Super Air Knives and Super Air Nozzles do this with compressed air.  The laminar flow of air is quiet, and it efficiently works together.

Turbulent Water from Pipe

Turbulent Water from Pipe

But after the channel, you can see the transformation to a laminar state.  EXAIR Super Air Knives and Super Air Nozzles do this with compressed air.  The laminar flow of air is quiet, and it efficiently works together.

From Channel to River

From Channel to River

Turbulence is useful for mixing, but horrible for reducing noise and effective blowing, very similar to the violent action of water flowing from the drainage pipe. You can replace an open pipe with EXAIR air nozzles to achieve the same laminar flow.  Then you can reduce the noise level, and the amount of compressed air being used.  To get the most out of your compressed air system, the EXAIR Super Air Knives and Super Air Nozzles are the products to use.   contact our Application Engineers now to discuss the amount of noise reduction and cost savings you can achieve by using EXAIR products.

John Ball
Application Engineer
Email: johnball@exair.com
Twitter: twitter.com/exair_jb

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