When trying to explain or state a number associated with how loud a sound or noise is it can be somewhat confusing or at the very least, ambiguous. This blog will help to make it clear and easy to understand the difference between Sound Power and Sound Pressure.
Sound Power is defined as the speed at which sound energy is radiated or transmitted for a given period of time. The SI unit of sound power is the watt. It is the power of the sound force on a surface of the medium of propagation of the sound wave.
Sound Pressure is the sound we hear and is defined as the atmospheric pressure disturbance that can vary by the conditions that the sound waves encounter such as furnishings in a room or if outdoors trees, buildings, etc. The unit of measurement for Sound Pressure is the decibel and its abbreviation is the dB.
I know, the difference is still clear as mud! Lets consider a simple analogy using a light bulb. A light bulb uses electricity to make light so the power required (stated in Watts) to light the bulb would be the “Sound Power” and the light generated or more specific the brightness is the “Sound Pressure”. Sound just as with the light emitting from the bulb diminishes as the distance increases from the source. Skipping the math to do this, it works out that the sound decreases by 6 dB as the distance from the sound source is doubled. A decrease of 3dB is half as loud (Sound Pressure) as the original source. As an example sound measured at 90 dB @ 36″ from the source would be 87dB at 54″ from the sound source or 84dB at 72″.
We at EXAIR specialize in making quiet and efficient point of use compressed air products, in fact most of our products either meet or exceed OSHA noise standards seen below.
EXAIR also offers the model 9104 Digital Sound Level Meter. It is an easy to use instrument for measuring and monitoring the sound level pressures in and around equipment and other manufacturing processes.
If you have questions about the Digital Sound Level Meter, or would like to talk about any of the quiet EXAIR Intelligent Compressed Air® Products, feel free to contact EXAIR or any Application Engineer.