How Much $$$ are Compressed Air Leaks Costing You?!

All compressed air systems will have some amount of leakage. It is a good idea to set up a Leak Prevention Program.  Keeping the leakage losses to a minimum will save on compressed air generation costs, and reduce compressor operation time which can extend its life and lower maintenance costs.

The Compressed Air Challenge estimates an individual compressed air leak can cost thousands of dollars per year when using $0.07/kWh.

  • 1/16″ diameter hole in excess of $700/year
  • 1/8″ hole in excess of $2900/year
  • 1/4″ hole in excess of $11,735 per year

There are generally two types of leak prevention programs:

  • Leak Tag type programs
  • Seek-and-Repair type programs

If you walk through your facility, how many leaks can you hear? These are only the REALLY bad ones!!  So if we know that a large amount of compressed air is leaking, what do we do about it? ? A proper leak prevention plan is the key to success. Since these leaks are impossible to see and some cannot even be heard, you need a tool to help assist you. EXAIR’s model 9061 Ultrasonic Leak Detector is the right tool for the job. When compressed air leaks through a pipe, it creates an ultrasonic signature due to turbulence. While this sound is not always detectable by the human ear, this meter will allow you to locate leaks up to 20’ away by converting the ultrasonic signature into an audible sound.

The first step will be locating the leaks using an Ultrasonic Leak Detector and tagging them throughout the facility. Don’t let this overwhelm you!! If you have a larger facility, break it up into sections that can be completed in 1 day. This will allow you to decide which areas of the plant should be looked at first. Once you’ve located and tagged all of the leaks, rate them under two separate criteria so that you can prioritize what to fix first. Rate them based on the difficulty that it will take to fix them and also by the severity of the leak. Those that are severe yet easy to fix would make sense to begin fixing first. Those that may require a period of shutdown can be planned to fix at a more appropriate time.

9061 ULD

When you’ve had the opportunity to fix them, don’t just forget about it. When new piping is installed, new lines are added, or anything involving compressed air is installed there is the potential for new leaks to develop. Set this as one of your regular PM activities and complete your own compressed air audit once a year. Implementing the process and maintaining it are the keys to your success.

If you have questions about developing a leak program or how to use the Ultrasonic Leak Detector, give us a call. An Application Engineer will be happy to help with the process and recommend some other methods to save on your compressed air supply.

Jordan Shouse
Application Engineer

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The Sixth Sense: Pressure Sensing Digital Flowmeters

Pressure profiles and flowrates of a compressed air system are essential parts in understanding and maintaining an industrial compressed air system. Understanding what the pressure is coming out of the compressor, what it is in your header system, and then down into the drops of your machines and points of use are all beneficial to building an efficient compressed air system. Of course, this will take some monitoring.

In a perfect system, the compressor outlet pressure and the point of use line pressure will be the same. Due to factors such as friction loss, unregulated demands (leaks), and inefficient pipe sizing, it is difficult to produce in a real life scenario. This results in a pressure drop across the compressed air system, a decline in pressure from the compressor outlet to the end use devices. Understanding the full pressure and flow layout of a system can be used to zero in on artificial demand on the system which is a result of a leaks or inefficient use of compressed air.

The Pressure Sensing Digital Flowmeters provide the ability to see both the flow on a pipe as well as the operating pressure. When coupled with other items such as our Wireless Communication network they can easily be setup to generate alerts to operators as well. This would look like a message stating that operating pressure has dropped and that would result in the operator halting production to determine the cause. While a production halt is less than desirable, a crashed machine or loss of clamping a part due to pressure drop can be worse.

Pressure Sensing Port on the Pressure Sensing Digital Flowmeter gives the added benefit of tracking more information.

By using the Pressure Sensing Digital Flowmeters you will be able to build a pressure profile throughout your system. This can all build back into an efficient compressed air system by tying directly into the information gathered for the overall system.

For instance, If a compressor set point is 90 psig, and at the point of use you are seeing 70 psig, you have a 20 psig drop in piping, fittings and/or artificial demand. If the operator needs 80 psig to maintain their process then that means someone will want to bump the compressor set point to 100 psig to compensate. First off, that pressure drop should never be present in a system as it is excessive. Second, if this is a positive displacement compressor then for every 2 psig added, the compressor itself will increase by 1% of energy demand from the drives.

If you would like to dig into your system and start building a pressure/flow profile to start off your path to an optimized system, please contact an Application Engineer.

Brian Farno
Application Engineer
BrianFarno@EXAIR.com
@EXAIR_BF

Compressed Air Digital Flow Meters Monitor Your System Demand

In the times we live in, efficiency is key. To offset the rising costs of goods, services, and energy we must be purposeful in lowering costs wherever we can. Every company has large utility expenses such as electricity, water, gas, sewer, waste, and recycling. Many companies have policies and systems in place to help control these expenses. One major utility that gets overlooked is your compressed air. Many companies just loop this expense into the gas and or electricity funnel and move on. But that can be a costly mistake. Assuming you utilize compressed air in your facility, it is most likely your 3rd-4th highest utility expense. The good news is there are many ways to make this utility much more efficient.

We have several EXAIR blogs on how to improve your compressed air efficiency from mitigating leaks, sizing pipe properly, flow control, pressure regulators, engineered nozzles and tools, and even receiver tanks. These are all very effective ways to reduce this expense. There is another tool that I would like to share with you; our Digital Flow Meters. What they are, how they work, and how they can save you money…

With a rough cost of $0.25 per 1000 SCFM, wouldn’t it be nice to know how many SCFM you are using? (Please click here for a great blog on how to calculate your SCFM cost) More importantly how much air are you wasting… Your compressor information already tells you how much air it is producing and with EXAIR’s Digital Flowmeter, you will know the exact amount of compressed air that is being used, making it very easy to identify loss. These losses are primarily found in leaks or inefficient air products. A best practice is to install one of these on each leg of the air distribution system and monitor and and benchmark the compressed air usage.

EXAIR Digital Flowmeter

The EXAIR Flowmeters work by measuring the temperature differential between two probes that are inserted into the compressed air pipes. One probe is kept warmer than the other, and the mass flow rate is determined by the amount of heat required to maintain the temperature differential. The flow rate, or SCFM is displayed on the large digital display

To install the Flowmeters, you will drill 2 holes into your pipe for the probes. Included with the meter is the drill bit and the Drill Guide to quickly install the meter. We have these available in many sizes from 1/2″ to 4″ iron pipe, We also offer these for Copper Pipes, and can make / calibrate them for many others, we will just need the information.

In addition to our standard version we offer several upgrades. One is a Data Logging version. You can download our software and then set the data logging to record from once a second for about 9 hours of data to twice a day for over 2 years worth of data. You simply plug the Data Log Stick this into your computer, download and repeat.

We also offer a wireless option that will run through a ZigBee mesh Network. A radio module within each meter transmits data to an ethernet connected gateway. You can also piggyback meter to meter to extend the range for this wireless solution. Each meter has a range of about 100 feet.

Many people ask if they have to shut down their system to install the Flowmeters. Understanding that this could cause systemic issues, we have a Hot Tap option that will allow you to install while the pipe is still under pressure. It incorporates 2 valves that the probes pass through as well as a muffler that collects the chips from the drilling process. This is only available on the 2″ or larger units.

Speaking of pressure, we also offer a Pressure Sensing Digital flow meter. On this, there is a pressure sensor that is mounted between the two flow sensor probes. The pressure is sent via a second milliamp output. The display can be configured to show either pressure or flow. You can set this to send alarms if the pressure falls under 50 psi. Also only available on 2″ pipes and above.

Finally, we also offer Block Off Rings. These are simply rings to block off holes where the flowmeter was, in case you need to use the same one in a different location.

Please fee free to reach out with any questions, or for more information. Let us help you save air and money…

Thank you for stopping by,

Brian Wages

Application Engineer

EXAIR Corporation
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Digital Flowmeters: Converting Them to Serial Communication

Model 9090-DAT

An international customer purchased three Digital Flowmeters, model 9090-DAT in yr2018.  This model number refers to the EXAIR Rev3 Digital Flowmeter with a Datalogger (photo above) for ½” Schedule 40 black pipe.  They used the Datalogger to log flowrates for their blow-molding machines.  A new engineering manager joined their team and was looking for a more “real time” reading of the flowrates.  They could compare flow data results from prior setups to monitor the program for their current blow-molded products with certain materials and sizes.  It was important for quality control to measure and compare the results to verify the proper machine set points.  They contacted EXAIR to see what we could offer.

EXAIR offers a variety of Digital Flowmeters for black pipe, aluminum tubes, and copper pipes.  They can accurately measure compressed air and nitrogen flow by measuring the temperature difference between the two probes.  The display is large for easy reading, and it can be programed for different units like SCFM, M3/hr, and M3/min.  For software data collection, we have the Wireless communication, USB Datalogger, and wire communication.  We also have Hot Tap versions, Pressure measuring, and Remote Display. 

In describing their current programming system, they were using a Modbus RS485 network.  This type of network system uses a “master” device to communicate with multiple “slave” devices.  In this instance, they were going to use a computer as the “master” device to communicate with the Digital Flowmeters.  With this type of serial communication, each Digital Flowmeter would have a particular and exclusive node address.  The master device can “open” the serial communication with that particular Digital Flowmeter and transfer data points of flow measurements.  The serial boards that EXAIR uses can connect to over 100 meters with a total length of 4,000 feet (1,212 meters).

Now, for our customer above, they did not need to purchase different Digital Flowmeters.  EXAIR offers a model 901785 serial communication board to convert the standard Rev3 Digital Flowmeter to connect to Modbus RS485.  They purchased three of them and converted each unit that they had without removing them from the compressed air system.  Since they were using the serial communication to connect to a computer, they requested an Ethernet connection.  EXAIR is able to convert serial communication to either Ethernet or USB connection with a converter.  With the Ethernet converter, they were able to connect directly to their computer.  They downloaded a software program at no charge to start monitoring and collecting flow information from all the digital flowmeters.  This improved the setup times for each machine.  As an extra bonus, they could also determine if they had some pneumatic issues with valves, cylinders, or leaks with the readings from the Digital Flowmeters. 

EXAIR Digital Flowmeters for large pipe

When you need to analyze your pneumatic components, flow is an important point.  The EXAIR Digital Flowmeter can give you that important data point.  You can cut energy consumption, improve pneumatic efficiencies, reduce setup times, and save yourself money.  If you are missing that detail with your pneumatic system, an Application Engineer at EXAIR can help you select the best Digital Flowmeter.  And if in the future you wish to upgrade, we may have a simple solution for you as seen with our international customer above. 

John Ball
Application Engineer
Email: johnball@exair.com
Twitter: @EXAIR_jb