When working with a cooling application, many customers will immediately look to the Vortex Tube and Spot Cooling product lines. While this may be the best solution for some applications, cold air is not always the best method that we have available for cooling. EXAIR’sSuper Air Amplifiers are very effective at reducing the temperature of a part without requiring cold air. The Super Air Amplifiers get their name due to their ability to entrain ambient air and “amplify” the supplied compressed air. You’ll often see us referring to the air amplification ratios achieved with our products. This is a ratio of the supplied compressed air relative to the entrained “free” air that comes from the ambient environment.
Due to their ability to entrain large amounts of ambient air, we can move a high volume of air across the surface of the part and quickly lower the temperature. I like to compare this to blowing on a hot cup of coffee just as it’s been brewed. The temperature of the air coming from your mouth is around 98.6°F, the same as your body temperature. Coffee can be as hot as 185°F when fresh. Due to the temperature differential between your breath and the hot coffee, we’re able to achieve a reasonable amount of cooling just by simply blowing across the surface. Typically, when the target temperature of the part or material needs to be around ambient temperature or higher; the best solution for cooling is going to be a Super Air Amplifier.
EXAIR’s Super Air Amplifiers achieve air amplification ratios ranging from 12:1 on our smallest units and up to 25:1 for our 4” and 8” models. EXAIR’s Super Air Amplifiers utilize a patented shim design to maintain critical positioning of component parts. This allows a precise amount of compressed air to be released at exact intervals toward the center of the Super Air Amplifier. This creates a constant, high velocity outlet flow across the entire cross-sectional area. Free, ambient air is entrained through the unit, resulting in high amplification ratios. The balanced outlet airflow minimizes wind shear to produce sound levels far lower than other similar air movers.
Super Air Amplifiers are supplied with a .003” thick shim that is ideal for most applications. Flow and force can be increased by replacing the shim with a thicker .006” or .009” shim. The flow of air is also controlled by adjusting the input pressure supplied to the amplifier. Higher pressures increase both the force and flow, while lower pressures decrease both force and flow. All Super Air Amplifiers are available in kits that come with a shim set as well as a suitably sized pressure regulator and auto-drain filter.
EXAIR has a solution for you if you need to move A LOT of air. Reach out to an Application Engineer today if you have an application that you believe could be served with a low-cost, simple solution!
I take many calls regarding Air Amplifiers but sometimes I get calls that confuse EXAIR Air Amplifiers with air pressure amplifiers. EXAIR’s Air Amplifiers and air pressure amplifiers are fundamentally different and have different purposes.
First, EXAIR’s Super Air Amplifiers and Adjustable Air Amplifiers increase air volume, not pressure. Air pressure amplifiers increase air pressure from typical system pressure of 80-130PSIG up to 5000 PSIG. Air pressure amplifiers are an excellent solution for applications that require higher air or nitrogen pressure such as increasing force for clamps or presses and pressure testing processes. They are also known as air boosters.
EXAIR Air Amplifiers are a low cost way to move air, smoke, fumes and light materials. These Air Amplifiers use the Coanda effect to create a low pressure area which draws in surrounding air to efficiently deliver a high volume of air on to a target. Using a small amount of compressed air as their source, Air Amplifiers are among the most efficient products within EXAIR’s entire product line. EXAIR Air Amplifiers will create output flows up to 25 times their consumption rate and deliver it at a high velocity. The entrainment of outside air amplifies the total volume of air output which also increases force, cooling ability and circulation.
EXAIRs Air Amplifiers have no moving parts, assuring maintenance-free operation. Fine tuning flow, vacuum and velocity are easily controlled by regulating the pressure. For gross adjustment of air flow and vacuum an internal shim is used to increase or decrease the internal “air gap” that the compressed air flows through. Both vacuum and discharge ends of the Air Amplifier can be ducted, making them ideal for drawing fresh air from another location, or moving smoke and fumes away.
I hope this helps distinguish EXAIR Air Amplifiers versus air pressure amplifiers. If you have questions regarding EXAIR Intelligent Air Products please contact one of our Application Engineers as we are always ready to help.
In some cities when you look along the skyline, you see flue stacks bellowing out plumes of white smoke. I never paid much attention to the structure except that they were tall and in some cases very wide. A power company contacted EXAIR about their flue stacks. They did a temperature reading, and they found a hotspot within the wall of the stack. To cool the hotspot, they contacted EXAIR for a solution.
Smokestacks are large chimneys that can be from 825 feet (250m) to 1,188 feet (360m) tall and are designed to release the smoke high in the air. As a tall structure, it is important to keep the walls stable and sound. For this customer, they were getting a hotspot reaching a temperature of 750oF (400oC). This was too hot, and it could cause premature issues to the construction of the stack. They wanted to reduce the temperature to 400oF (204oC) to keep the stack from warping and degrading. We were able to find a solution using our stainless steel Adjustable Air Amplifiers.
The area of the hotspot in their smokestack was a section around 2 feet (0.6m). The customer fabricated a stainless-steel manifold to mount three pieces of model 6033 3” 303SS Adjustable Air Amplifiers. The model 6033 will only use 35.2 SCFM (997 SLPM) of compressed air at 80 PSIG (5.5 bar). With the high amplification ratio, the model 6033 can move 2,323 SCFM (65,780 SLPM) of air along the surface. The large volume of air created good cooling capacities to reduce the hotspot temperature. In keeping the temperature of the stack under control, they could continue operations and lessen the concern for untimely shut-downs and costly maintenance.
By using air to cool, you can do it safely and cleanly. Unlike fans which create turbulent flows, voids, and high noise levels, the EXAIR Air Amplifiers generates a large volume of laminar air to cool and clean. If you would like to speak about any cooling application, you can contact an Application Engineer; even something as large as a smokestack.
When I was working summers during school years I remember working in environments that were in unsatisfactory conditions. Since I was the the new kid and did not have seniority I had to take on the jobs that nobody wanted and therefore had the less than perfect working conditions. This company had a solvent welding process that at the time used Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) as the bonding agent for ABS substrates. If only they knew about Air Amplifiers then! The solvent vapors on a hot humid Summer day would build up and I had to keep up with the quota while feeling a bit dizzy and disoriented! I couldn’t even run a fan as they were nervous blowing contaminants onto the substrates before going into the paint room. This is where a Super Air Amplifier could have helped.
Air Amplifiers are used for various reasons but in the story above could have been used for ventilation and keeping a safer work environment. Along with ventilating gasses/fumes these can be used for cooling hot parts, drying wet parts, cleaning machined parts, venting weld smoke, exhausting tank fumes, distributing heat within molds/ovens (circulation) and more! Super Air Amplifiers use the Coanda effect, a basic principle of fluidics, to create air motion. Using a small amount of compressed air as the source of power, the Super Air Amplifier then pulls in a large volume of surrounding air to produce high volume, high velocity outlet flows up to 25 times greater than the compressed air source.
Air Amplifiers have no moving parts making them virtually maintenance free to operate. No electricity is required. The flow, vacuum and velocity are easily controlled. Gross outlet flows can be adjusted by opening or closing the compressed air gap, which determines the amount of compressed air used. Supply air pressure can also be regulated to fine tune the outlet flow to meet application needs. Both vacuum and discharge ends of the air amplifier can be ducted, making them ideal for drawing fresh air from another location, or moving smoke and fumes away.
EXAIR carries a variety of sizes and styles and will even custom make Air Amplifiers for your every need. If you have questions about Air Amplifiers and want to talk to any of of many Application Engineers please contact us by calling 800.903.9247 or visit our website at www.EXAIR.com.