A Simple Explanation of the Venturi Effect

The Venturi Effect was discovered by Italian physicist Giovanni Battista Venturi who lived between 1746 and 1822. In practice, there were a number of other physicists who were involved in the Venturi Effect but Giovanni Venturi is generally accepted as the first person to discover and explain the effect. So, what is the Venturi Effect, and how does it affect practical everyday living?

“A Venturi is a system for speeding the flow of the fluid by constricting it in a cone shape tube. In the restriction, the fluid increases its velocity, which reduces its pressure and produces a partial vacuum. As the fluid leaves the constriction, its pressure increases back to the ambient or pipe level.”

Venturi Tube

Any substance that flows is considered a fluid. This includes such things as water, shampoo, sunscreen, and even honey. Although not necessarily obvious, even gases, such as air, can be classified as fluids. So why would someone at EXAIR be talking about Venturi? Our E-Vacs use the Venturi Effect to create vacuum

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is in-line-e-vac-how-it-works.jpg

For most people the Venturi Effect is difficult to understand because you might expect the pressure to increase when a fluid is pushed through a restricted area. The fact that the increase in velocity is greater than any potential increase in pressure means that there is a net increase in velocity and a net reduction in pressure. The ability to mix-and-match certain fluids and gases via this process is relatively straightforward because the reduced pressure allows other substances to be sucked in through a connecting pipe at a rate of your choice.

EXAIR uses the Venturi Effect and other principles within the development of our products. If you have questions or need a solution please call 800.903.9247 or visit us on www.EXAIR.com and let us help you.

Eric Kuhnash
Application Engineer
E-mail: EricKuhnash@exair.com
Twitter: Twitter: @EXAIR_EK

 

Photo: Venturi Tube with labels by ComputerGeezer an Geof.  GNU Free Documentation License

These Nozzles Clean Blind Holes, Pipe Inside Diameters, Tube, Channels and More

EXAIR manufactures a variety of Air Nozzles and Jets . Back Blow Air Nozzles can help reduce cost, clean hard to get to areas in small diameters, pipes, tubes, channels and holes. These nozzles are designed to remove debris from pipes, blind holes, and other areas where it is difficult be effective. Sometimes it is a bad idea to blow debris all the way through a pipe because there may be personnel on the other end or it is simply too long or it may be sealed on an end. 

The Model 1006SS cleans metal shavings from inside a pipe.

The Back Blow Air Nozzles are all made from 316 Stainless Steel with three sizes as outlined below:

Model 1004SS: This is a M4 x 0.5 and delivers the smallest, most effective airflow for cleaning out small diameter tubes, pipes, channels or holes for diameters between 1/4″ up to 1″. Extension pipes available from 6″ up to 36″ in length.

Model 1006SS: The 1/4 NPT Back Blow Nozzle recommended for a wide range of diameters from 7/8″ up too 4″. Extension pipes available from 12″ up to 72″ in length.

Model 1008SS: 1 NPT female and the largest Back Blow Nozzle in stock for diameters from 2″ up to 16″ with pip extensions available from 12″ up to 72″ long.

Model 1306SS-6-CS Heavy Duty Safety Air Gun with 6″ extension and chip shield

These nozzles can also be assembled to our VariBlast, Soft Grip, Heavy Duty and Super Blast Safety Air Guns. EXAIR safety air gun options include chip shields and pipe extensions up to 72″ long. EXAIR has the products and accessories you need to make any job more efficient saving you time and money. Give us call at 800.903.9247 and ask for any of our qualified Application Engineers to help you. Most items are stock and can be shipped the same day if we receive and enter your order by 3:00PM EDT.

Eric Kuhnash
Application Engineer
E-mail: EricKuhnash@exair.com
Twitter: Twitter: @EXAIR_EK

Vortex Tubes: What, Why, Where?

The most common questions about Vortex Tubes are “How long have they been around?” and “How do they work?”. These questions are simple enough and answering someone how long Vortex Tubes have been around is the easy answer, Vortex Tubes have been around since 1928 with what may seem as an accidental existence by the developer George Ranque.

As to how they work, these are a phenomenon of physics and the theoretical math behind them has yet to be proven and set in stone. They have been called various names such as “Maxwell’s Demon” which posited that a demon was splitting the hot and cold air molecules prior to leaving the Vortex Tube.  They have also been referred to as  the “Ranque Vortex Tube”, “Hilsch Tube”, and the “Ranque-Hilsch Tube” which highlight some of the prominent people in developing vortex tubes. 

WHAT: EXAIR defines a Vortex Tube within our catalog as “a low cost, reliable, maintenance free solution to a variety of industrial spot cooling problems. Using an ordinary supply of compressed air as a power source, vortex tubes create two streams of air, one hot and one cold, with no moving parts.”

The scope of Vortex Tubes include being able to produce temperatures from -50 degrees to 260 degrees Fahrenheit with flow rates from 1 to 150 SCFM and refrigeration up to 10,200 Btu/hr. Temperatures, flows and cooling power can be easily adjusted with the control valve located on the “hot” end of the tube.

WHY: EXAIRs’ Vortex Tubes offer low cost and reliable solutions primarily for product cooling and sometimes heating. Constructed of stainless steel, our vortex tubes are resistant to corrosion and oxidation providing for years of reliable maintenance-free operation. Vortex tubes operate with a source of compressed air with no moving parts or electricity.

EXAIR offers two series of vortex tubes. The 32XX series is “Maximum Refrigeration (cooling) and is typically used for process cooling, part cooling or chamber cooling. The 34XX series provide lowest cold temperatures at low cold airflow and typically used in cooling lab samples and circuit testing.

EXAIR offers a cooling kit with interchangeable generators that are easily changed so you can experiment and find what temperature and airflow works best for your application.

WHERE: There are many uses for EXAIR Vortex Tubes including but not limited to cooling electronics, machining operations, CCTV cameras, soldered parts, gas samples, heat seals, environmental chambers, ultrasonic weld horns, welds and setting hot melts.

The history of EXAIR Vortex Tubes and the variety of uses has derived new products designed for specific applications like our Spot Coolers and Cabinet Coolers. These items can be found in our catalog or at www.EXAIR.com.

If you have any questions regarding these products or any products that EXAIR offers I hope to hear from you.

Eric Kuhnash
Application Engineer
E-mail: EricKuhnash@exair.com
Twitter: Twitter: @EXAIR_EK

Video Blog: Meet Eric Kuhnash, Application Engineer at EXAIR

Hello, allow me to introduce myself to the EXAIR Team. I hope to hear from you and help with your next project.

Thank you for taking time to learn a little about who I am and how I can help you. I look forward to hearing from you in the near future.

Eric Kuhnash
Application Engineer
E-mail: EricKuhnash@exair.com
Twitter: Twitter: @EXAIR_EK