Atomization: What is it?

Atomization is a word that can be seen throughout the industry in rinsing, coating, painting, lubricating, and cooling applications. The act of atomization is simple, we often refer to it when looking at liquids and it means to break up the liquid stream and form fine droplets.  This is essentially a transfer of energy. There are two mainstream methods to atomize liquids for an application, both with their own advantages.

142 distinct models. 8 different patterns. Liquid flow rates from 0.1 to 303 gallons per hour. If you’ve got a spraying application, EXAIR has an Atomizing Nozzle for you!

The first is air atomizing. This action is done by combining a stream of compressed air with either a pressurized fluid or a siphon/gravity fed liquid.  The air stream can be combined with the liquid internally to the nozzle, hence Internal Mix Atomizing Nozzles. It can also combine outside of the nozzle, like the External Mix Atomizing Nozzles. We have blogged before on where to use each of these as the reason to select between Internal Mix or External Mix is its own topic.

Benefits to air atomization are, smaller droplet/particulate size is achievable.  The compressed air atomization gives the ability to break up more viscous fluids to get better coverage or thinner layers of spray.  Air atomization also gives the ability to use smaller amounts of liquid because the air takes up a portion of the total flow exiting any nozzle.

The second type of atomizing nozzles are hydraulic atomization. This uses the energy from the liquid being pressurized to break up the liquid stream.  Sometimes there are physical impacts within the nozzle that cause the atomization, other times it is just the liquid leaving an orifice that causes the atomization. This gives the ability to still spray a liquid into droplets of various shapes, dimensions, and flow rates. The lack of compressed air often results in larger droplet sizes as well as higher liquid flow rates. Because the liquid has to be pressurized to certain levels it also becomes difficult to spray higher viscosity fluids through hydraulically atomized nozzles.

Benefits to hydraulically atomized spray nozzles range from stronger spray force for rinsing, ease of installation from not needing to plumb compressed air, ability to flow slurries, or other liquids that may clog or dry due to the design of air atomized spray nozzles.

If you would like to discuss the correct nozzle for your spray application, feel free to contact us.

Brian Farno
Application Engineer
BrianFarno@EXAIR.com
@EXAIR_BF

 

Internal Mix Atomizing Spray Nozzles Overview

EXAIR offers an ever-expanding selection of Atomizing Spray Nozzles.  One style with many iterations within the line is the Internal Mix.  Internal mix refers to the physical action of the compressed air atomizing the liquid before they leave the air cap. Because this action takes place inside the nozzle, internal mix atomizing spray nozzles are recommended for lower viscosity fluids. Water, water soluble/diluted lubricants, lightweight way oil, or rust inhibitors are a few examples that can easily be sprayed through these nozzles. The nozzles are also able to spray in five different spray patterns.

Internal Mix Atomizing Spray Nozzles are the perfect choice for fine mist and precise control.

The Internal Mix Atomizing Spray nozzles are available in Narrow Angle Round Pattern, Wide Angle Round Pattern, Flat Fan Pattern, Deflected Flat Fan Pattern and 360° Hollow Cone Pattern. These nozzles can cover anywhere from 1.5″ diameter up to 13′ diameter and almost any dimension in between. To cover this vast array of spray dimensions they are offered in three inlet port sizes, 1/8″, 1/4″ and 1/2″ NPT.

Internal Mix Atomizing Spray Nozzles

Each NPT size offers a variable spray pattern as well as liquid flow rates for each type of spray pattern. The 1/8″ nozzles are available up to 28 GPH of flow rate. The 1/4″ nozzles are able to flow up to 42 GPH. The 1/2″ models are able to flow up to 264 GPH. These flowrates can all be varied to minimal flows by adjusting the liquid needle valve. See the video below for a demonstration of that variability.

These nozzles are all easily installed and can be mounted with the available mounting brackets. One for each size.

EXAIR Atomizing Nozzle

If you would like to discuss your atomizing spray nozzle application or need help determining if an Internal Mix Atomizing Spray Nozzle is the correct fit for your needs, please contact us.

Brian Farno
Application Engineer
BrianFarno@EXAIR.com
@EXAIR_BF

 

EXAIR Patented No Drip Atomizing Nozzles Improve Finishes, Save Liquids

EXAIR offers a wide variety of  Atomizing Spray Nozzles that can be used to coat, rinse or cool a surface. We manufacture (3) different types – Internal Mix, External Mix, and Siphon Fed – as well as 3 different sizes – 1/8″ NPT, 1/4″ NPT and 1/2″ NPT – all in 303ss construction, rated up to 400°F.

atomizing collage
142 distinct models. 8 different patterns. Liquid flow rates from 0.1 to 303 gallons per hour. If you’ve got a spraying application, EXAIR has an Atomizing Nozzle for you!

Today I’m going to focus on the Internal Mix nozzles with the patented No Drip Functionality.

The No Drip option eliminates the occurrence of post spray liquid flow that results in unwanted drips that can mar a finish on painted or coated surfaces.  Also, excess liquid loss is minimized saving on expensive materials like chemicals or coatings.  When the compressed air is shut-off, the No Drip nozzle positively seals off the flow, eliminating the chance for a drip or lost liquid. Only one compressed air line is needed, as the line to combine and atomize the liquid also provides the no drip operation and control. At the 41 second mark in the video below you can see the No Drip in Action!

The Internal Mix type operates under the principle that the air and liquid come together and mix ‘internal’ to the nozzle.  This type provides the finest atomization and smallest droplet size. The Internal Mix type of nozzle can be used with liquids up to 300 centipoise in viscosity.  Both the air and liquid sides are pressure fed.  The No drip Internal Mix Atomizing Nozzles are best for pressure fed applications not requiring independent air and liquid control.

No Drip Siphon Fed Round Pattern Atomizing Nozzle
No Drip Siphon Fed Internal Mix Round Pattern Atomizing Nozzle

The No Drip Atomizing Nozzles are available in (3) sizes – 1/8, 1/4, and 1/2 NPT – to provide a wide range of flow rates and pattern sizes.  The No Drip feature does not impact the flow rates compared to the standard models.  Minimum air pressure operation is 30 PSIG for the 1/4 and 1/2 NPT, and just 20 PSIG for the 1/8 NPT models.

No Drip Atomizing Nozzle
No Drip Atomizing Nozzle

Like the standard Internal Mix Atomizing  Nozzles, spray patterns include narrow and wide angle round, flat fan, deflected flat fan and a 360° hollow circular pattern offering a wide selection to best meet the application needs.

Operation at up to 180 spray cycles per minute is possible.  Air and Liquid Caps can be switched out to change the pattern and flow rates.

Typical Applications

  • Painting
  • Coating
  • Rinsing
  • Cooling
  • Quenching
  • Wetting
  • Humidification
  • Dust Control

Advantages

  • No post spray drip
  • Adjustable
  • Easily used with EFC
  • Minimizes air and liquid consumption
  • All stainless steel construction
  • Fine atomization
  • Interchangeable liquid and air caps
  • Compact

If you need an Atomizing Spray Nozzle or any of the EXAIR Intelligent Compressed Air® Products, feel free to contact EXAIR and myself or one of our Application Engineers can help you determine the best solution.

Jordan Shouse
Application Engineer
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No Drip, External Mix, Atomizing Spray Nozzle Overview

 

No Drip ASN
EXAIR’s No Drip, External Mix, Atomizing Spray Nozzle In Action!

EXAIR’s Atomizing Spray Nozzles are used to clean, coat, or cool parts and they also lend themselves very well to humidification and dust control.  They are constructed from rugged and durable 303 SS to provide corrosion resistance and they can operate in temperatures up to 400°F (204°C). All EXAIR Atomizing Spray Nozzles are also CE compliant.

Atomizing Nozzles are separated into 5 categories – Internal Mix, External Mix and Siphon Fed, Deflected Flat Fan, and Internal Mix 360° Hollow Circular Pattern.  They are available in 1/8″, 1/4″ & 1/2″ NPT to make it easy to provide the coverage and flow rate you need for nearly any application.  For today’s focus, we will discuss the No Drip External Mix Atomizing Nozzles.

External Mix Atomizing Nozzles have the highest flow rates and are ideally suited where precise liquid flow is required and both the air and liquid are pressurized.  Also the External Mix Atomizing Spray Nozzles can easily atomize liquids with a viscosity above 300 cP (Centipoise).

Centipoise is defined as a dynamic viscosity measurement unit. A Centipoise (cP) is a non-SI (non-System International) measurement unit of dynamic viscosity in the centimeter gram second (CGS) system of units.

Centipoise Chart

Our patented No Drip feature positively stops the liquid flow when the supply air pressure drops below 20 PSIG for 1/8″ NPT Nozzles or 30″ PSIG for the 1/4″ or 1/2″ NPT. By incorporating this feature into the design, it eliminates the need for any additional valves or supply lines.  They are available in flow rates that range from less than 2 GPH (7.57 LPH) for our Model EF9010SS 1/8 NPT No Drip External Mix Narrow Angle Flat Fan Pattern and up to 303 GPH (1,147 LPH) for the Model EF6010SS 1/2 NPT No Drip External Mix Narrow Angle Flat Fan Pattern.

When making a selection, below are some points to consider:

  1. Volume of liquid required?
  2. What is the viscosity of the liquid?
  3. What type of spray pattern fits the application?

If you would like to discuss External Mix No Drip Air Nozzles or any of EXAIR’s safe, quiet & efficient compressed air products, I would enjoy hearing from you…give us a call.

Steve Harrison
Application Engineer
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