A refrigerant air dryer is is used with compressed air for removing moisture from the compressed air system . Compressed air always contains water because your are taking in outside air which contains moisture. It is vital to have a compressed air dryer system in place to protect your equipment and tooling from damage. How does a refrigerant dryer work and why select this type of dryer system?
Refrigerant air dryers are commonly used as they are easy to operate, economical and low maintenance. Once installed it is likely that you may never have to think about it again. The system works by cooling the air to around 37 degrees Fahrenheit. At this point all the water vapor condenses into water. The water can then be removed by a simple water trap. Once the liquid water has been removed the air gets reheated to room temperature. Since most of the water has been condensed and removed the reheated air will be significantly dryer than from before.
The cooling process of refrigerated dryers is the same process used in refrigerators and freezers. The liquid refrigerant is evaporated in a separate circuit and used to cool down the compressed air. As the air cools the refrigerant gets warmer. The refrigerant moves into a compressor and gets re-cooled in a condenser, this process is a continuous cycle as more air is introduced into the compressor.
Here a few items to consider when making your purchase:
Maximum pressure: The dryers max pressure should be the same or higher than your compressor.
Inlet Temperature: If you exceed maximum inlet temperature you are at risk of damaging parts of your equipment. Some refrigerated dryers have an after cooler making sure your compressed air stays within acceptable temperature ranges.
Maximum Flow: Make sure your dryer has the capacity needed to there are no drops in air pressure.
Maximum Room Temperature: If you are placing your refrigerated dryer into a room with a hot environment there is a change that it could overheat, Make sure that your max operating temperature for the dryer is able to accommodate the max temperatures in the room where it will be operating.
EXAIR wants you to be successful in every aspect of your compressed air system. If you have a need for any of EXAIRS Intelligent Compressed Air Systems please give any of our Application Engineers a call or contact us through our TecHelp.
This time of the year it is not uncommon to feel a slight shock after walking across a carpeted surface and touching a door knob. This little “jolt” is a result of fast-moving electrons leaping from your body to the door knob, or vice versa. As your feet shuffle across the surface of a rug or carpet, your body will either gain or lose electrons. Touching a conductive surface then causes these electrons to leap from one place to another. This is known as static electricity.
If you notice, this happens to occur much more often during colder winter months (if you’re one of those fortunate people to live outside of this sensation we call “cold” please don’t rub it in!). The reason that you experience static shocks more frequently during winter is due to the relative humidity. At colder temperatures, air does not hold as much moisture as it does when it’s warm and moisture helps to conduct electrical charges. Even though you’re heating your house to a similar temperature, the air that is being drawn into your home and heated is still the dry cold air containing less moisture.
The amount of moisture in the air is expressed as relative humidity. This value is given as a percentage of water vapor in the air, compared to how much it could hold at that temperature. In conditions of lower relative humidity, static charges build up much easier. When the relative humidity is high, there’s a higher concentration of water molecules present in the air. These water molecules “coat” the surface of the material, allowing electrons to move more freely and form a layer over the material. This layer of water molecules acts like a lubricant, reducing the forces that cause static to generate. This is why static is much more noticeable during the winter months.
There are many applications that static only appears when the seasonal climate changes. Issues can manifest in the form of nuisance shocks to operators, materials jamming, tearing or curling, product sticking to itself and to rollers, dust clinging to product, and many more. If static is causing problems in your processes, we have a wide variety of Static Eliminators available from stock. Don’t just deal with the problems until humid conditions return, get a permanent solution in place that’ll neutralize the static and eliminate a troublesome application. Contact an EXAIR Application Engineer today and we’ll help to diagnose the root cause of the problem and recommend the best solution.
Air… We all breathe it, we live in it, we even compress it to use it as a utility. What is it though? Well, read through the next to learn some valuable points that aren’t easy to see with your eyes, just like air molecules.
Air is mostly a gas.
Comprised of roughly 78% Nitrogen and 21% Oxygen. Air also contains a lot of other gases in minute amounts. Those gases include carbon dioxide, neon, and hydrogen.
Air is more than just gas.
While the vast majority is gas, air also holds lots of microscopic particulate.
These range from pollen, soot, dust, salt, and debris.
All of these items that are not Nitrogen or Oxygen contribute to pollution.
Not all the Carbon Dioxide in the air is bad.
Carbon Dioxide as mentioned above is what humans and most animals exhale when they breathe. This gas is taken in by plants and vegetation to convert their off gas which is oxygen.
Think back to elementary school now. Remember photosynthesis?
If you don’t remember that, maybe you remember Billy Madison, “Chlorophyll, more like Bore-a-fil.”
Carbon dioxide is however one of the leading causes of global warming.
Air holds water.
That’s right, high quality H2O gets suspended within the air molecules causing humidity. This humidity ultimately reaches a point where the air can simply not hold anymore and it starts to rain. The lack of humidity in the air leads to static, while lots of moisture in the air when it gets compressed causes moisture in compressed air systems.
Air changes relative to altitude.
Air all pushes down on the Earth’s surface. This is known as atmospheric pressure.
The closer you are to sea level the higher the level of pressure because the air molecules are more densely placed.
The higher you are from sea level the lower the density of air molecules. This causes the pressure to be less. This is also why people say the air is getting a little thin.
Hopefully this helps to better explain what air is and give some insight into the gas that is being compressed by an air compressor and then turned into a working utility within a production environment. If you would like to discuss how any of these items effects the compressed air quality within a facility please reach out to any Application Engineer at EXAIR.
To begin with all EXAIR ASN’s are made from SS for durability and liquid compatibility. As its name implies it creates a flat fan pattern that exit’s the nozzle perpendicular to the air & liquid inlets as shown above. This unique design lends itself nicely to applications with space constraints. The AD1010SS is the ideal choice for coating the inside of enclosures or ductwork. It is compatible with liquids up to 300 centipoise and the air and liquid are mixed in the air cap. The AD1010SS is designed for pressure fed applications not requiring independent air and liquid control. What is meant by that statement is that if you vary either the air or liquid pressures you change the spray pattern and volume. See the chart below for clarification on pressures, volumes and spray patterns.
Next we will look at EXAIR model AT1010SS internal mix 360° hollow circular pattern ASN.
The AT1010SS internal mix 360° nozzle is designed for applications where the spray pattern must be oriented away from the nozzle in all directions. 360° nozzles are ideal where a smooth, even coating is needed on the ID of a pipe or similar ductwork. It is compatible with liquids up to 300 centipoise and the air and liquid are mixed in the air cap. The AT1010SS is designed for pressure fed applications not requiring independent air and liquid control. As above if you vary either the air or liquid pressures you change the spray pattern and volume. See the chart below for clarification on pressures, volumes and spray patterns. They also work great for operations where a mist over a broad area is needed, such as dust suppression, humidification and cooling. See the chart below for clarification on pressures, volumes and spray patterns.