The big thing that sets engineered products like EXAIR Intelligent Compressed Air Products apart from other devices is the engineering that goes into their design. Several principles of fluidics are key to those designs:
- Bernoulli’s Principle states that an increase in the speed of a fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in static pressure or a decrease in the fluid’s potential energy. It’s explained further here, along with details on how EXAIR products use it.
- The Venturi Effect is what makes our E-Vac Vacuum Generators and Reversible Drum Vacs work. Here’s a blog about its discoverer, and how it works.
- Vortex Tube theory is one of the more interesting accidental inventions of the 20th Century…splitting a flow of air into two streams: one hot, and one cold. Georges Ranque and Rudolph Hilsch did most of the “heavy lifting” that led to our development of Vortex Tubes & Spot Cooling Products, Cold Guns, and Cabinet Cooler Systems.
The one I wanted to discuss today, though, is the Coanda Effect, what it means for our engineered compressed air products, and what they can do for you:
The Coanda effect is named after Henri Coandă, who was the first to use the phenomenon in a practical application…in his case, aircraft design. He described it as “the tendency of a jet of fluid emerging from an orifice to follow an adjacent flat or curved surface and to entrain fluid from the surroundings so that a region of lower pressure develops.” Put simply, if fluid flows past a solid object, it keeps flowing along that surface (even through curves or bends) and pulls surrounding fluid into its flow. Here’s a demonstration, using an EXAIR Super Air Amplifier and a plastic ball:
What’s interesting here is that the Super Air Amplifier is not only DEMONSTRATING the Coanda effect, it’s also USING it:
EXAIR Standard and Full Flow Air Knives also have Coanda profiles that the primary (compressed air) flow follows, and uses, to entrain “free” air from the surrounding environment:
EXAIR Air Wipes can be thought of as “circular Air Knives” – instead of a Coanda profile along the length of an Air Knife, an Air Wipe’s Coanda profile is on the ring of the Air Wipe, which entrains surrounding air into a 360° ring of converging air flow:
So that’s the science incorporated in the design of our products. But what does it mean to the user?
- Efficiency. Pulling in a tremendous amount of “free” air from the surrounding environment means minimal consumption of compressed air, while still getting a hard hitting, high velocity air flow.
- Sound reduction. This air entrainment also creates a boundary layer in the air flow, resulting in a much quieter air flow than you get from a simple open-end blow off.
EXAIR Corporation is committed to helping you get the most out of your compressed air system, and thanks to Mr. Coandă, that includes reducing your compressed air consumption and noise levels. If you’d like to find out more, give me a call.
Russ Bowman, CCASS
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