3 Types of Static – How Static is Generated

Static, everyone loathes it except for those kids that like to run around shocking their friends. This phenomenon affects not only everyday life with things like frizzy hair and that annoying zap you get when someone touches you but also industry. But what is static and how is it generated?

Static is generated on the atomic level from the exchange of valance electrons on each surface. The energy produced from the friction causes those valance electrons to enter an excited state; when in this excited state they begin to jump back and forth from atom to atom. When this happens, the atoms begin to accumulate either a positive charge if the atom lost electrons or a negative charge if the atom gained electrons.

As the charge accumulates on the surface where the friction occurs if a ground source (i.e., a piece of metal or a person) comes in close proximity to the charged surface an arc is generated between the two surfaces transferring the build-up of electrons and returning the charged surfaces to a neutral state.

But how can these surfaces become charged in the first place?

The most common and well-known way is via friction. Friction generation is when two surfaces rub against each other causing the static to build up on the surfaces. The energy from the two objects being pushed together and rubbing up against each other causes the electrons within the atoms to enter an excited state. When these electrons are in this excited state the valence electrons will jump from atom to another atom; this causes one atom to become positively charged (lost the electron) and the other to become negatively charged (gained the electron). The harder the two surfaces are pushed together and the faster they are rubbed together the more static will be generated.

A second type of static generation is contact static build up, which is when a charge that is built up when two surfaces impact each other and then separate. Much like friction static generation, contact static build up generates the charge on the surfaces from the kinetic energy of the impact. The material of the two objects in question will determine how many electrons are transferred from surface to surface based on the properties of the atoms in the material (Electronegativity, Ionization Energy, and Electron Affinity).

Contact Static Generation

The third type of static generation is detachment static build up. Detachment static build up once again relies on the kinetic energy and the properties of the atoms in the material. When the two surfaces are pulled apart the electrons that are transferring from one molecule to another get stuck with the molecules of one surface, which leaves both surfaces charged. This is seen a lot with plastic protective covers like the ones that come on a new window pane.

Static generation via detachment

No matter how the static is generated EXAIR’s line of Static Eliminators including EXAIR’s New Intellistat that can neutralize a 1000V charge in under one second. Don’t let static cause issues for your production facility, contact EXAIR for a solution. 

Static Eliminators

If you have any questions about compressed air systems or want more information on any of EXAIR’s products, give us a call, we have a team of Application Engineers ready to answer your questions and recommend a solution for your applications.

Cody Biehle
Application Engineer
EXAIR Corporation
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How To Plumb and Use EXAIR Model 9040 Foot Valve

If you’re looking for a convenient, hands-free (but still operator controlled) method of operating a compressed air product, look no further than the EXAIR Model 9040 Foot Valve. Here’s how to install and operate it:

This is one of many ways we can help you optimize, automate, and simplify your use of your compressed air.  If you’ve got an application you’d like assistance with, give me a call.

Russ Bowman
Application Engineer
EXAIR Corporation
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Ion Air Jet Applications

While writing my blog last week on all of the features & benefits of the Gen4 Ion Air Jet, I couldn’t help but think of some of the very interesting and successful uses I’ve seen in my nine years (as of this past Monday) as an Application Engineer at EXAIR Corporation.  In honor of my workaversary, this week’s edition is Russ’ Top 9 Ion Air Jet applications:

  1. A medical device manufacturer uses Ion Air Jets to remove dust from plastic extrusion as it goes through a puller belt.  The small diameter (0.05″ to 0.10″) made the Ion Air Jet a more efficient fit than the Super Ion Air Wipe, which is commonly used for extrusions like this, but is most effective for larger diameters.
  2. A maker of large scale automated machinery has provided Ion Air Jets (as well as other EXAIR quiet, efficient, and safe compressed air products) on machines they’ve been selling their customers for years.  When they started machining their own plastic parts, the Ion Air Jet was their first thought for a solution when plastic chips started sticking to their drill bits.
  3. A commercial printer makes displays, signs, etc. from a variety of static-prone materials such as acrylic, polycarbonate, and styrene.  They use CNC routers to cut them to size & shape, form the edges, and add dimensional detail.  Ion Air Jets blow the dust & shavings away, and keep them away, greatly reducing the prep time between routing and assembly.
  4. A weather sealing/stripping manufacturer uses Ion Air Jets to remove statically charged dust from their rubber & foam product extrusions, allowing for increased line speeds and better cuts for the products they cut for specific seal packages for the residential & commercial door and automotive industries, among others.
  5. A major provider of electrical and electronic contactors uses Ion Air Jets to blow off contact strip as it rolls off large reels to remove protective film and static.
  6. A manufacturer of wire marking machinery installs Ion Air Jets on their machines that are used to print on products with especially static-prone jackets, to ensure clean and crisp markings
  7. A cable manufacturer that caters to the computer & electronic industries uses Ion Air Jets to remove static & dust as foil is applied to PVC coated wire.  This eliminates the static charge that was causing inconsistencies when the adhesive was heated to activate.
  8. A wholesale food equipment distributor uses Ion Air Jets to blow out bottles during the sterilization process, prior to filling.
  9. A maker of specialty polymers uses Ion Air Jets to keep fine powders from accumulating in the entries into their hoppers.

Some applications call for a fixed-in-place solution, like the (above, from left) Super Ion Air Knife, Super Ion Air Wipe, Ion Air Jet, and Ion Air Cannon.) Others are best suited to the hand-held convenience of the Ion Air Gun.  Whatever your static problem is, though, EXAIR has a solution for you!

If you have a problem with static, the Ion Air Jet is just one of the solutions EXAIR Corporation can provide.  If you’d like to find out more about how we can help, give me a call.

Russ Bowman
Application Engineer
EXAIR Corporation
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Static Eliminators: Ion Air Jet

Static charge causes a variety of problems & challenges in industrial applications:

  • It “zaps” operators who have to handle statically charged materials.
  • It makes sheets and films cling to each other.
  • It can cause tearing or jamming of those sheets and films as well.
  • Objects with high static charges can cause sensors or sensitive electronics to malfunction, and it the charge is high enough, even damage them.
  • It makes dust cling to parts and material that you want to keep clean.
  • It can lead to uneven or spotty coverage if the statically charged piece is to be painted, coated, printed on, etc.

Good news is, static charge is pretty easy to dissipate, and EXAIR Corporation offers a number of solutions that are simple to install and easy to operate.  Among them is the Gen4 Ion Air Jet.

The Gen4 Ion Air Jet generates a concentrated flow of ionized air, which is ideal when you need to focus on a specific spot without disturbing anything in the surrounding area.  They’re quiet, efficient, and OSHA compliant.  They are also available with a number of options to further simply installation & operation:

If you can hard plumb an air pipe directly, the Gen4 Ion Air Jet is ready to go, right out of the box.

Ion Air Jet

The Gen4 Stay Set Ion Air Jet includes a Magnetic Base and 12″ Stay Set Hose, for quick setup and easy aiming of the ionized air flow, exactly where you want it.

The Magnetic Base and Stay Set Hose make it a breeze to mount & aim your Ion Air Jet.

The Gen4 Instant Static Elimination Station adds a foot pedal and two 10ft compressed air hoses, perfect for hands-free on/off operation.

For a total hands-free solution, look no further than the Model 8910 Instant Static Elimination Station.

The Gen4 Deluxe Stay Set Ion Air Jet Kit adds an Automatic Drain Filter Separator and Pressure Regulator so you can keep your air supply clean & moisture free, and dial in the flow & force of the ionized air stream, from a breeze to a blast, or anywhere in between, depending on the needs of your application.

The Model 8495-9362 Deluxe Stay Set Ion Air Jet Kit has everything you need, right out of the box.

We offer two Power Supply options: the Model 7960 has two ports, which will operate any two EXAIR Static Eliminator Products, and the Model 7961 has four ports, to operate up to four Static Eliminators.  They’re switchable for operation with either 115VAC or 230VAC, and come with both cables for your convenience.

Model 7960 Gen4 Power Supply (top) has two ports; Model 7961 (bottom) has four, depending on how many Static Eliminators you wish to operate from the same Power Supply

The Gen4 Ion Air Jet is just one of EXAIR Corporation’s eight distinct lines of Static Eliminator Products.  If you’ve got a problem with static charge, we can help.  Give me a call.

Russ Bowman
Application Engineer
EXAIR Corporation
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