Cabinet Cooler Season

We are at the peak of what we here at EXAIR call Cabinet Cooler Season! Nothing can shut down an electrical cabinet and all the machinery its controlling faster than a 100° F + day and a non temperature controlled cabinet! EXAIR has a product that is controlled by the temperature in your panel so when those hot days come around it cools and protects your sensitive components. And shuts off conserving compressed air on the cooler days and months!

From right to left: Small NEMA 12, Large NEMA 12, Large NEMA 4X

One of our specialized applications are for Cabinet Cooler® Systems in areas with hotter than normal ambient temperatures. Sometimes electrical cabinets are located in environments near high heat sources such as boiler rooms, furnaces, ovens or other heat sources. If the ambient temperature is above 125° F (52° C) we offer a High Temperature Cabinet Cooler systems.

EXAIR High Temperature Cabinet Cooler systems offer relief for ambient temperatures ranging from 125° – 200° F (52°C – 93°C). Our Cabinet Cooler calculator found at https://www.exair.com/knowledgebase/cabinet-cooler-sizing-guide.html will automatically determine if the High Temperature cooler is required for your specific application.

Even in extremely aggressive environments, EXAIR Cabinet Cooler Systems provide reliable heat protection for your sensitive electronics and controls.

Heat within an electrical cabinet can be a major issue for manufacturing companies. The costs associated with downtime and repairs on sensitive electronics that fail due to heat or environmental contaminants, are an unnecessary burden. If you have any questions about how an EXAIR Cabinet Cooler can solve problems in your facility, contact an EXAIR Application Engineer.

Jordan Shouse
Application Engineer

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Twitter: @EXAIR_JS

Vortex Based Cabinet Coolers vs. Air to Air Heat Exchangers

An air-to-air heat exchanger uses the temperature differential between the ambient air surrounding an enclosure and the hot air inside an enclosure to create a cooling effect.  A closed loop system exchanges the heat inside the enclosure with the outside air in an effort to maintain a set internal temperature.  The heat exchange of most air-to-air unit relies on a heat pipe, a heat-transfer device which converts an internal refrigerant liquid into vapor by placing one end of the pipe in contact with the hot environment.  The heated vapor travels to the other end of the pipe which is in contact with a cooler environment.  The vapor condenses back into a liquid (releasing latent heat) and returning to the hot end of the pipe and the cycle repeats.

But, this type of solution does give some cause for concern, especially when considering their use in an industrial environment.  Here are the key points to keep in mind when comparing an air-to-air cooler to an EXAIR Cabinet Cooler.

Cabinet Cooler Family
EXAIR Cabinet Coolers

Required temperature differential based on ambient air temp

An air-to-air heat exchange relies on the ΔT between the ambient air temperature and the internal enclosure air temperature to produce cooling.  If this ΔT is low, or the ambient temperature rises, cooling is diminished.  This means that as the temperatures in your facility begin to rise, air-to-air heat exchangers become less and less effective.  Larger air-to-air heat exchangers can be used, but these may be even larger than the enclosure itself.

EXAIR Cabinet Coolers rely on the ΔT between the cold air temperature from the Cabinet Cooler (normally ~20°F) and the desired internal enclosure temperature (normally 95°F).  The cold air temperature from the Cabinet Cooler is unaffected by increases in ambient temperatures.  The large ΔT and high volume cold air flow produced by a Cabinet Cooler results in more cooling capacity.  And, we can increase cooling capacity from a Cabinet Cooler without increasing its physical footprint, which is already much, much smaller than an air-to-air type of unit.

Cooling in high temperature environments

Due to their nature of operation, an air-to-air heat exchanger must have an ambient temperature which is lower than the desired internal temperature of the enclosure.  If the ambient air has a higher temperature, air-to-air units provide zero cooling.

Cabinet Coolers, on the other hand, can be used in hot, high temperature environments up to 200°F (93°C).

EXAIR's High Temp Cabinet Cooler Systems
High temperature Cabinet Coolers

Cooling in dirty environments

Dirt in the ambient environment will impact cooling performance with an air-to-air heat exchanger.  In order for the air-to-air unit to effectively remove heat, the heat pipe must have access to ambient air.  With any exposure to the ambient environment comes the possibility for the ambient end of the heat pipe to become covered in ambient contaminants such as dust.  This dust will create an insulation barrier between the heat pipe and the ambient air, decreasing the ability for the heat pipe to condense the vapors within.  Because of this, most air-to-air devices use filters to separate the heat pipe from the ambient environment.  But, when these filters become clogged, access to ambient temperatures are reduced, and cooling capacity of the air-to-air unit reduces as well.

Cabinet Coolers have no problem operating in dirty environments.  In fact, it is one of their strengths.  Without any moving parts to wear out or any need to contact ambient air for cooling purposes, a dirty environment poses no problems.  In fact, check out this blog post (and this one) about EXAIR Cabinet Coolers operating maintenance free for years in dirty environments.

exair-cabinet-cooler-03-2002-2008
NEMA 12 Cabinet Cooler in a Dirty Environment

Size and time required to install

Air-to-air heat exchangers vary in size, but even the smallest units can have large dimensions.  Many applications have limited space on the enclosure, and a large, bulky solution can be prohibitive.  Couple this with the time and modification required to the enclosure to install a large air-to-air unit, and the “solution” may end up bringing additional problems.

Another key aspect of the Cabinet Cooler is its size.  Small, compact, and easy to mount on the top or side of an enclosure, Cabinet Coolers install in minutes to remove overheating problems.

Heat within an electrical cabinet can be a major issue for manufacturing companies. The costs associated with downtime and repairs on sensitive electronics that fail due to heat or environmental contaminants, are an unnecessary burden. If you have any questions about how an EXAIR Cabinet Cooler can solve problems in your facility, contact an EXAIR Application Engineer.

Jordan Shouse
Application Engineer

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Find us on the Web 
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Twitter: @EXAIR_JS

Video Blog: Cabinet Cooler® System Calculator

In may I wrote a Blog Announcing our new Calculator tool on EXAIR.COM! You can read it here!

The Video below will walk you through how to get the information you need to fill the form in, and take you all the way to final where you can add it to your cart!

By providing certain information like size of the enclosure, NEMA rating needed, and environmental conditions, this new calculator will sort through our large selection of ready-to-ship Cabinet Cooler® Systems and provide instant feedback on the best model number for any applicable electrical enclosure.  Taking the guess work out of the equation, EXAIR’s Calculator ensures the customer that they can be confident in selecting the correct product for their unique specifications. You can even Print the form for your records!

If you have any questions or need additional support with the Sizing Calculator please reach out to one of our application Engineers give us a call. Or shoot us an email to techelp@exair.com

Jordan Shouse
Application Engineer

Send me an Email
Find us on the Web 
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Twitter: @EXAIR_JS

EXAIR High Temperature Cabinet Cooler System

Inside, outdoors, high temperature, dirt/dust/humidity, corrosive and classified environments are no problem for EXAIR Cabinet Cooler Systems

EXAIR Cabinet Cooler® Systems will help eliminate downtime due to heat, dirt and moisture. Our Cabinet Cooler® Systems are UL listed to maintain NEMA 4, 4X and NEMA 12 integrity. All high temperature cabinet coolers are UL listed and CE compliant. Our Cabinet Coolers are a reliable way to cool and purge electrical control panels from the use of vortex tube technology, which creates cold air from normal compressed air.

One of our specialized applications are for Cabinet Cooler® Systems in areas with hotter than normal ambient temperatures. Sometimes electrical cabinets are located in environments near high heat sources such as boiler rooms, furnaces, ovens or other heat sources. If the ambient temperature is above 125° F (52° C) we offer a High Temperature Cabinet Cooler systems.

EXAIR High Temperature coolers offer relief for ambient temperatures ranging from 125° – 200° F (52°C – 93°C). Our Cabinet Cooler calculator found at www.EXAIR.com will automatically determine if the High Temperature cooler is required for your specific application.

The High Temperature Cabinet Cooler systems are stock items, ready to ship and easily installed. If you have questions or need more information please contact any of our Application Engineers.

Eric Kuhnash
Application Engineer
Email: erickuhnash@exair.com
Twitter: @EXAIR_EK